WHAT ARE PROPOSITIONS 58 & 193?
They are constitutional initiatives passed by California voters. They provide property tax relief by preventing reassessment when real property transfers between parents and children (Proposition 58) and from grandparents to grandchildren (Proposition 193).
WHY WERE THEY ENACTED?
California voters considered it fair to exclude reassessment between parents and children and also from grandparents to grandchildren. Propositions 58 and 193 make it easier to “keep the property in the family.”
HOW DO THESE PROPOSITIONS WORK?
Under Proposition 58, if the parent or child who acquires the property files a claim, which is approved by the Assessor, the reassessment will be excluded. Under Proposition 193, if the grandchild who acquires the property files a claim, which is approved by the Assessor, the reassessment will be excluded. If the property was already reassessed, the reassessment will be reversed. In these situations, a corrected tax bill will be issued, and/or a refund will be processed.
WHO ARE CONSIDERED CHILDREN?
1. Any child born of the parent(s).
2. Any stepchild of the parent(s) and the spouse of that stepchild while the relationship of stepparent and stepchild exists. The relationship exists until the marriage on which the relationship is based is terminated by divorce or, if the relationship is terminated by death, until the remarriage of the surviving stepparent.
3. Any son-in-law or daughter-in-law of the parent(s). The relationship of parent and son-in-law or daughter-in-law exists until the marriage on which the relationship is based is terminated by divorce or, if the relationship is terminated by death, until the remarriage of the surviving son-in-law or daughter-in-law.
4. Any statutorily adopted child who was adopted before the age of 18.
WHO ARE CONSIDERED GRANDCHILDREN?
Under Proposition 193 the same relationship requirements for children apply to grandchildren, step-grandchildren and grandchildren-in-law. The parents of the grandchild(ren) who would qualify for a Proposition 58 exclusion from the grandparents must be deceased.
WHEN ARE THESE PROPOSITIONS EFFECTIVE?
Proposition 58 applies to transfers occurring on or after November 6, 1986.
Proposition 193 applies to transfers occurring on or after March 27, 1996.
Ordinarily, the claim must be filed within three years of the date of transfer, or date of death, but before transfer to a third party. However, the claim will also be considered timely if it is filed within six months after the mailing of the Notice of Assessed Value Change. New legislation effective January 1, 1998 (Senate Bill 542), allows claims to be filed after the above deadlines, subjec t to certain conditions. The property must not have transferred to a third party. In addition, the exclusion may only be applied to future tax years. It cannot be applied retroactively back to the date of transfer.
WHERE ARE CLAIM FORMS AVAILABLE?
They are distributed at Assessor’s Public Service Counter, in Room 225 of the Hall of Administration, and in regional offices. If you need additional information, call (213) 893-1239.
PROPOSITION 58/193 LEGAL REFERENCE:
Section 63.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code and Article XIII A Section 2(h) of the California Constitution.
PROPOSITION 58/193 ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:
- Transfers of real property between parents and children, and between children and parents are excluded from reassessment.
Transfers of real property from grandparents to grandchildren are excluded from reassessment. Transfers from grandchildren to grandparents, however, are NOT excluded from reassessment.
- The seller’s or decedent’s principal residence is totally excluded from reassessment. In addition, $1,000,000 of the seller’s or decedent’s other real property is also excluded. There is a qualification to this rule under Prop 193. If the grandchild had received property in the past that was excludable under Section 63.1 of the R & T Code as a principal residence, any principal residence that the grandchild receives from the grandparent is considered “other real property” that is subject to the $1,000,000 limitation.
- There is no value limit for excluding the seller’s or decedent’s principal residence from reassessment. A Homeowners’ Exemption or Disabled Veterans’ Exemption must have been granted to the seller or decedent. This residence need not be the principal residence of the person who acquires the property.
- The $1,000,000 exclusion, for real property other than the seller’s or decedent’s principal residence, applies to the assessed value of property immediately before transfer. In other words, real property other than the principal residence, with an assessed value up to $1,000,000 is excluded from reassessment. The sales price or actual “current market value” does not affect the $1,000,000 limit. The $1,000,000 exclusion that is available to grandchildren for property other than a principal residence received from their grandparents is the same $1,000,000 exclusion which they have remaining available from their parents under Proposition 58.
- The total value of property (or properties) which a parent may transfer to all children without reassessment is $1,000,000 of assessed value, for property other than the principal residence.
This limit is cumulative over time. After property (or properties) with $1,000,000 of assessed value is transferred without reassessment, all future transfers will be reassessed (except the transfer of the principal residence if it has not already been transferred). The $1,000,000 limit applies only to transfers of properties within the State of California. Transfers of properties in other states are not included in establishing the $1,000,000 limit.
- The $1,000,000 exclusion is a limit for each parent separately. Community property of married parents would have a $2,000,000 limit. Proposition 193 specifies that a grandchild can have excluded only $1,000,000 of property transferred from his or her father AND his parents (paternal grandparents) and $1,000,000 of property transferred from his or her mother AND her parents (maternal grandparents).
- Transfers by sale, gift, devise or inheritance qualify for the exclusion.
- Transfers between parents and children as individuals, from grandparents to grandchildren as individuals, between joint tenants, from trusts to individuals, or from individuals to trusts may qualify for the exclusion. Transfers of ownership interests in legal entities do not qualify for the exclusion. Transfers through the medium of a trust, however, may qualify for the exclusion.
- Currently, the person who acquires the property must file the claim within three years of the date of transfer, but before transfer to a third party; or within six months after the date of mailing of a Notice of Assessed Value Change, issued as a result of the transfer of property for which the claim is filed, whichever is later. There are limited exceptions to these deadlines under new legislation (Senate Bill 542) which affects 1998-99 fiscal year taxes and thereafter. The property, however, must not have transferred to a third party.